Shanghai under siege: letters and photographs of Karel Frederik Mulder

Louis Zweers, IIAS Newsletter, No. 58, autumn/winter 2011
Shanghai, March 1939. Traditional riverboats waving the Japanese flag on the Yangtze river. (© Mulder)
The Dutchman Karel Frederik Mulder (1901-1978) lived as a businessman, journalist and amateur photographer in the Chinese treaty port of Shanghai. During the siege of the Shanghai International Settlement by the Japanese military (August 1937 – December 1941) he wrote reports and letters to his family. But there are also snapshots of the chaotic events of the Japanese attacks of the Chinese districts of Shanghai, of his personal life as a member of the International Volunteers Corps and of the changing political and human atmosphere in the Shanghai International Settlement. Louis Zweers interviewed his daughter Tineke Mulder (born in 1927, in Dairen, Manchuria), read the unpublished letters and researched the photographic material of his private collection.

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