Category Archives: fundamentalism

Religion within Tamil Militancy and the LTTE

  Iselin Frydenlund, presenting her article in Oxford Encyclopedia of Religion, May 2018, …. one entitledTamil Militancy in Sri Lanka and the Role of Religion” …. https://sangam.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Tamil-Militancy-in-Sri-Lanka-and-the-Role-of-Religion.pdf  … OR … https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Tamil-Militancy-in-Sri-Lanka-and-the-Role-of-Frydenlund/4cbf5235611dd3407dfa3a2962e6ea635ac50674 … with highlights and pictures being impositions by the Editor, Thuppahi

Induction of Tiger recruits into fighter ranks with receipt of the kuppi containing cyanide

Tiger soldiers relaxing in camp with cyanide kuppi around their necks Pix by Shyam Tekwani

 

Historical Background

Understanding the role of religion in the Tamil insurgency requires an understanding of Sri Lanka’s cultural mosaic and of the development of modern nationalism before and after independence from British colonial power. Sri Lanka is a geographically small yet culturally rich and complex island, with numerous ethnic, linguistic, religious, and caste subgroups. The majority of the population identify as ethnically Sinhala, and they speak Sinhala, an Indo-European language. The great majority of the Sinhalese are Theravada Buddhists who live mostly in the south and central regions of the island. A small minority of Sinhalese are Catholics, and some also belong to evangelical Christian churches. The largest minority group in Sri Lanka is the Tamils, who speak Tamil (a South Indian Dravidian language) and comprise several subgroups. The largest of these are the so-called Sri Lankan Tamils, who traditionally have lived in the north and east. The so-called Indian Tamils are labor immigrants from India who were brought in by the British to work in the plantation sector in the highlands. The majority of Tamils are Hindus of the Śaiva Siddhanta tradition, but there are also a significant number who are Catholics and a few to smaller Evangelical denominations. The Tamil Muslims identify based on religious belonging, not on a common ethnic identity, and they speak Tamil. Historically, the Muslim communities are scattered throughout the island; they form a stronghold in urban trading centers in the south but are also farmers in the Tamil-majority Eastern Province. Social stratification based on caste and regional identities was strong in precolonial Lanka, and then the colonial classifications of the island’s inhabitants produced new identities with intensified religious and racial signifiers. These were reproduced in the emerging Tamil and Sinhala nationalisms of the late 19th century.

Continue reading

2 Comments

Filed under accountability, art & allure bewitching, atrocities, authoritarian regimes, caste issues, centre-periphery relations, communal relations, cultural transmission, demography, devolution, discrimination, economic processes, Eelam, electoral structures, ethnicity, female empowerment, fundamentalism, governance, heritage, historical interpretation, Indian religions, insurrections, island economy, landscape wondrous, language policies, law of armed conflict, life stories, LTTE, martyrdom, mass conscription, military strategy, nationalism, patriotism, politIcal discourse, power politics, prabhakaran, riots and pogroms, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, suicide bombing, Tamil civilians, Tamil migration, tamil refugees, Tamil Tiger fighters, terrorism, trauma, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, vengeance, world events & processes

A Critical Appraisal of Michael Roberts’s Writings on Eelam War IV

Gerald Peiris …. where the original title was Michael Roberts’ Writings” [1]

Unlike the reports compiled by the ‘UNSG PoE’ and the UTHR-J, the writings by Professor Roberts (hereafter, ‘Michael’ as ’Gerry’ has I have known him during the past 66 years) demonstrates the possibilities and the limitations of the ‘Sporadic Information Method’ in its application to situations such as that of the Vanni war-zone, and how a committed scholar with no axe to grind and no personalised political cause to promote could weigh a mass of information gathered from a miscellany of sources, and arrive at reasonably plausible findings (not that I agree with all such conclusions) without being judgemental and obdurate. His application of this method (in combination other methods of research) in many of his writings has two features worthy of special mention – one, his avid use of photographic records as both embellishments attractive to the reader, as well as evidence meant for reinforcement of what he wishes to convey in the text; and the other, an extraordinarily wide range of personal contact in his sources of information some of which have been conveyed to him orally. Adding to this comment that ‘graphics’ and orally conveyed information have both been prominent ingredients in documentation of information from time immemorial sounds almost banal.

 Analytic Map composed by the Daily Mirror on 24 April 2009 [depicting the battle situation at atime when Tamil civilians were fleeing in droves after the SL army penetrated the last stronghold on 19/20th April 2009]

Continue reading

3 Comments

Filed under accountability, atrocities, authoritarian regimes, communal relations, doctoring evidence, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, landscape wondrous, life stories, LTTE, NGOs, patriotism, performance, photography, politIcal discourse, power politics, prabhakaran, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, Tamil civilians, Tamil Tiger fighters, the imaginary and the real, trauma, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, vengeance, war crimes, war reportage, world events & processes, zealotry

Gerald Peiris’s POLITICAL CONFLICT IN SOUTH ASIA …. 2013

Details of this book  POLITICAL CONFLICT IN SOUTH ASIA, University of Peradeniya publication, 2013 …………. ISBN – 978-955-589-169-1………..Enquiries should be addressed to the publisher,  The Vice-Chancellor, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

Printed by Balin & Co. (Pvt.) Ltd.  61, D. S. Senanayake Street, Kandy, Sri Lanka +94 0817429050 ……………. Fax. +94 081 2222584 ………………………… Cover design: Dr. Manjula Peiri

Respectfully dedicated to the memory of Sir Nicholas Atygalle, Vice Chancellor of the University Ceylon (1955-66),  and my teachers: Karthigesu Kularatnam & George Thambyahpillay at Peradeniya, and Bertram Hughes Farmer at Cambridge

 

 

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under accountability, authoritarian regimes, centre-periphery relations, communal relations, constitutional amendments, democratic measures, demography, discrimination, economic processes, electoral structures, ethnicity, foreign policy, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, human rights, Indian General Elections, Indian Ocean politics, Islamic fundamentalism, language policies, Left politics, legal issues, life stories, LTTE, modernity & modernization, nationalism, parliamentary elections, patriotism, politIcal discourse, population, power politics, Presidential elections, propaganda, security, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, Tamil civilians, transport and communications, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, war reportage, welfare & philanthophy, world events & processes

Population Trends Directing Democracy in Europe Today

 Giulio Meotti, in Item in Gatestone Institute, 29 May 2022, where the title runs thus: “Europe: Demography Governs Democracy”

There is a replacement of civilization and the media is not even covering it. “By 2050, 50 percent of the French population will be mixed.” — Jean-Luc Mélenchon, Radio Classique, May 17, 2021.”The mayor of Grenoble adopts the arguments and rhetorical formulas of the Muslim Brotherhood: talking about freedom to impose sexism”. — Céline Pina, Le Figaro, May 4, 2022.

 

 

. (Image source: iStock)

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under accountability, centre-periphery relations, chauvinism, demography, doctoring evidence, economic processes, electoral structures, ethnicity, European history, fundamentalism, governance, heritage, historical interpretation, life stories, politIcal discourse, power politics, self-reflexivity, world events & processes

John Landers’ Concerns re Australia’s Policy towards China

“Citizens Insight” hosts Interview with John Lander conducted by Robert Borwick ……………………….. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m4JWcv2FQAg

AUSTRALIAN CITIZENS’ PARTY  =  Veteran Australian diplomat speaks out against war danger Interview with John Lander, Former Deputy Ambassador to China (1974-76), Former Ambassador to Iran (1985–87) Hosted by Robert Barwick, Research Director of the Australian Citizens Party Contact the Australian Citizens Party campaigns: PHONE: 1800 636 432 EMAIL: info@citizensparty.org.au WEB: http://www.citizensparty.org.au Contact John Lander: voicealive@aol.com.

Continue reading

2 Comments

Filed under accountability, american imperialism, australian media, authoritarian regimes, centre-periphery relations, China and Chinese influences, discrimination, economic processes, export issues, foreign policy, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, life stories, military strategy, modernity & modernization, patriotism, politIcal discourse, power politics, propaganda, security, self-reflexivity, transport and communications, unusual people, world events & processes

Russian Corner: Three Options Now

Ivan Timofeev of the Valdai Club, deploying this title “Russia now has just three options left on Ukraine” … with highlighting imposed by Thuppahi

With Washington rejecting many of Moscow’s security concerns, the prospect of escalation is rising. The US has handed Russia a written response to its proposed security guarantees. While Washington refuses to accept Moscow’s demands for a legally binding pledge that NATO will not expand further towards its borders, it has indicated it is ready to discuss certain issues, including arms control and strategic stability.

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under accountability, american imperialism, asylum-seekers, atrocities, authoritarian regimes, centre-periphery relations, chauvinism, conspiracies, disparagement, economic processes, energy resources, ethnicity, European history, foreign policy, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, human rights, legal issues, life stories, martyrdom, military strategy, nationalism, photography, politIcal discourse, power politics, refugees, Russian history, security, self-reflexivity, sri lankan society, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, trauma, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, vengeance, violence of language, war crimes, war reportage, world events & processes

For Ukraine: Osip and Nadezhda Mandelstam

Jane Russell, in an essay dedicated to Shirlene de Silva who introduced her to the Mandelstam’s writings …. an essay writen on 1 March 2022 with the title “Ukraine and its place in 20th century Russian literature: Osip and Nadezhda Mandelstam”

 Osip Emilievich Mandelstam, the genius Russian-Jewish poet murdered by Stalin, met his Jewish wife, Nadezhda Yakovlevna, in a nightclub in Kyiv when both were in their twenties. It was 1919, the second year of the Soviet revolution, which was finally getting going after the 1st World War.

Osip Emilievich Mandelstam

 Nadezhda Mandelstam  

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under accountability, atrocities, authoritarian regimes, centre-periphery relations, Fascism, fundamentalism, historical interpretation, human rights, legal issues, life stories, martyrdom, politIcal discourse, power politics, Russian history, self-reflexivity, trauma, unusual people, vengeance, war crimes, world events & processes

Lankan Cricketers in the Eye of A Terrorist Storm: Pictorials

The Islamic terrorist attack of March 2009 near Gaddafi Stadium at Lahore was a traumatic event which endangered the Sri Lankan cricket team as well as a mini-bus bearing cricketing officials. The team were extremely fortunate to survive withonly aa few minor injuries. Photogaphs can only provide a smidgeon of the impact.

Continue reading

Leave a comment

Filed under atrocities, authoritarian regimes, cricket for amity, cultural transmission, fundamentalism, historical interpretation, Indian Ocean politics, insurrections, landscape wondrous, life stories, patriotism, photography, politIcal discourse, racist thinking, religious nationalism, security, self-reflexivity, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, trauma, travelogue, truth as casualty of war, Uncategorized, unusual people, vengeance, world events & processes

Richard Koenigsberg’s Wide Reach: Omnipotent Politics around the World

A Circular Letter from Richard Koenigsberg of the Library of Congress ‘Collective’ in New York,  31 January 2022

A very brief contribution directly below from Michael Roberts, a great anthropologist/scholar coming out of Asia. He’s the webmaster of Thuppahi’s Blog, which contains fascinating essays and articles as well as original, vivid photographs.  Among the pieces you can read on his website:

TRUMP AND HITLER IN THE SAME BED?

 

Continue reading

1 Comment

Filed under accountability, authoritarian regimes, European history, Fascism, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, Hitler, landscape wondrous, law of armed conflict, life stories, modernity & modernization, nationalism, politIcal discourse, power politics, press freedom & censorship, psychological urges, racism, trauma, unusual people, war crimes, world events & processes

Paul McNamee steps into the Djokovic Courtside Drama

Paul McNamee in The Age, 15 January 2022, where the title reads “Djokovic an easy target in anti-vaxxer witch hunt”

Clearly, the outcome of the Federal Court case on Sunday has implications for Novak Djokovic. How about for the Australian Open?

The Australian Open is far and away Australia’s biggest international sporting event. Hosting all the world’s best tennis players in arguably the best sporting precinct in the world, it generates close to one billion dollars in economic impact for the state of Victoria. It puts Melbourne front and centre on the world stage for two weeks but, this year, for all the wrong reasons.

Continue reading

3 Comments

Filed under accountability, asylum-seekers, Australian culture, australian media, coronavirus, cultural transmission, disparagement, fundamentalism, governance, historical interpretation, landscape wondrous, legal issues, life stories, martyrdom, performance, politIcal discourse, psychological urges, security, self-reflexivity, slanted reportage, taking the piss, terrorism, the imaginary and the real, tourism, trauma, truth as casualty of war, unusual people, vengeance, war reportage, world events & processes, zealotry