Remarkable Voting Results in Sri Lanka … Especially in the North and East

Chandre Dharmawardana, in an article entitled Tamil speaking voters  decisively reject vengeance-peddling Genocide-Claiming parties in Sri Lanka’s  elections,” –which will presumably appear in digital or print form somewhere

Sri Lanka, a nation troubled by decades of civil strife and a separatist war  has just concluded a parliamentary election bringing back the war-winning government. Western observers have keenly focused on the North, with its Tamil population (5% of the Nations population) previously controlled by the separatist Tigers. Their  “MaVeera”  (suicide fighters  presented as heroes) are celebrated covertly and even overtly by hard-liner Tamil politicians in the North, and in Western diasporas.

An electoral  battle  emerged between  moderate Tamils and hard-liners  who  follow the confrontational  politics of  remnant Tiger groups who operate mostly from Western countries like Canada. The hard liners are   lead by Mr. C. Wigneswaran, the ex Chief Minster of the Northern Province. He championed  the claim that Sri Lank  has committed Genocide against the Tamils, and demands at least “internal self-determination” for the Tamils. He decries Tamils who “marry outside their race”, and calls for a re-writing  Sri Lanka’s ancient history to emphasize Tamil history.

The moderates are led by Mr. Sumanthiran who rejected the Genocide charge, pointing out that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Hon. Zeid Hussein had rejected the Genocide charge in 2015 (Tamil Net, 19-10-20). Sumanthiran  is the only Tamil leader to openly reject the violent politics of the Tigers. Consequently Sumanthiran has needed tight police protection (provided by the central government)  from pro-Tiger adversaries who declared him a “traitor” to be eliminated.

Mr. Sumanthiran’s party, the Tamil National Alliance (TNA) earned 10 seats, reduced from what they had when they had no competition. More significantly,  Mr. Wigneswaran barely manged to elect himself, polling a mere 0.44% of the national vote. Mr. Gajendra Ponnambalam’s hard-liner outfit  collected about 0.56% of the national vote, doing better than  Mr. Wigneswaran. However, the striking news  is the strong election in the Tamil heartland  of an ex-Soldier Sinhalese, Ratna Priya Bandu,  who fought the Tigers. Similarly, two Tamil parties that opposed the Tigers have elected three MPs, while the predominantly Sinhala parties  elected two MPs in the Tamil heartland. The weakened TNA is likely to split further or adapt, and one can only hope that its more moderate members will seek to work pragmatically with other  parties that are less ethnocentric and non-separatist in their objectives.

Electoral outcomes in the Eastern Province have once again shown that the East has no desire to merge with the North and become a part of the “Eelam that Mr. Wigneswaran,  and even the TNA have continued to demand, echoing the  old TULF  demands of 1976.  It should be remembered that the East did not fall under the TULF even in the 1977, a point repeatedly made by Fr. Tissa Balasuriya during those times.

Compared to the changes in the North, the outcome in the rest of the country has been historic. A strong government independent of minority ethnic and religious groups,  usual in Western democracies has emerged here for the first time. While this has the danger of running rough-shod over minority rights, it also opens up a historic opportunity for the new President, Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, and ex- soldier and technocrat with a reputation as a “doer”. Given the hard political problems as well as the post-Covid economic problems that face Sri Lanka, the strong vote  reflects the public feeling that a strong government with management excellence is what is needed.  The previous government had the strong backing of the West. But  its proven track record of utter  incompetence, mega corruption, fatal security lapses allowing Islamic fundamentalists to blast hundreds of people on an Easter Sunday, and its  inability to work together resulted in the previous government to splinter their parties,  and loose even their parliamentary seats.

Even the  hard Leftist Wing, led by the National Liberation Front or “JVP”  suffered by  its continual propping  up of  the previous Neo-liberal regime, and polled less than 4% electing just two candidates. The post-modernist sophistry used  by the JVP to justify its support of Neo-liberalism parallels the gyrations of various “Marxists” who could support General Sarath Fonseka, a Pinochet like figure, for the presidency of the country  a decade ago.

In contrast to what is happening in Sri Lanka,  the Canadian Legislators follow militant Tamil groups who control votes. Canada has shamelessly issued stamps commemorating Tamil activists like Navaratnam who vowed ethnic irreconcilability. Ontario is pushing to legitimizing an alleged genocide of Tamils already rejected by moderate Tamils, and by the UN-HC for Human Rights. The bill 104 will have the effect of legitimizing systemic discrimination, esp. within the school system, against Sri Lankan Canadians who are not ethnic Tamils.

Just as President Nixon could do what was unthinkable then and open up the USA to China, today Gotabhaya Rajapaksa has the mandate to use the opportunity exposed  by the weakened Northern Hardliners and work for ethnic reconciliation in the troubled Island.

However, the new administration has many fires to deal with. The President  will probably prioritize economic endeavors that  will not antagonize  extremist groups form either side, and push for “jobs, jobs and jobs” within a framework of  supporting local enterprises. The army will be increasingly transformed to act as a civilian workhorse, ignoring the protests of those who believe that the army should be in the Barracks if it is not fighting a warThe president  can claim that the post-Covid world justifies a war-footing even in the economic front, and the public is likely to listen to him.

There is some likelihood that experienced hands who worked in Mr. Rajapaksa’s All Party Constitutional Council under Tissa Vitharana, boycotted by the then TNA and the Tamil Disapora which did not want a “watered-down solution”,  may get a new lease of life.  The Prime Minister Mr. Mahinda Rajapaksa will have to return to his old forte of political dealsmanship to keep the pot from boiling over, and balance the pressures from  the West, China and IndiaThe old corrupt set of politicians who have been elected back will no doubt once again attempt to look for  ways to line their pockets. While President Trump has rejected the UN Human Rights council as a “cesspit”, a new US administration may take up a stronger position against Sri Lanka  at the next UNHRC sessions in Geneva.

Chandre Dharmawardana, Canada.   …..

OTHER REACTIONS

DBS Jeyaraj: “TNA suffers electoral setback in North and East polls,” http://www.dailymirror.lk/opinion/TNA-suffers-electoral-setback-in-North-and-East-polls/172-193440

2 Comments

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2 responses to “Remarkable Voting Results in Sri Lanka … Especially in the North and East

  1. Sanath jayatilaka

    Just at a glance, Vignesh’s son is married to Vasu’s daughter. How come.? Vigesh was part of my life at Law College. He was not a communist. But when one is pushed into politics, one looses balance. It ia better to trace the primary facts and then come to conclusions. otherwise we will never resolve our problems.

    • On what evidence do you state that Wigneswaran was “pushed into politics”…. Be that as it may my impressions in the 1990s and 2000s during regular visits to Lanka was that there were a sprinkling of Colombo Tamils of upper middle class status, personnel well established in the professions, who lived in relative safety in Colombo but were pro-Tiger. I have one classic tale [withheld here] from Marga seminar circa 2001 \ on reconciliation where one high-placed Tamil indicated his support for the assassination.fo Neelan Tiruchelvam.
      Yes the 1983 pogrom had alienated many Tamils in the south ….but the risk of another such assault had diminished while the tables had been turned by the LTTE who were able to carry out killings, raids etc in the colombo area. THE POINT flowing from my example is that well-heeled Colombo Tamils who wd never have moved to live in the north or east under Tiger domination aand lived in comparative safety and comfort in Colombo were secret supporters of the Tiger Eelam cause. I suspect that Wigneswaran was one …and his appointment to a high spot in the Northern Regions encouraged him to prove to the residents h there that he was dinky die Tamila dna dinky die eelamist

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