Ceylon at War, 1939-1945 . War and Military Culture in South Asia, 1757-1947 ………………. Hardcover – March 26, 2019 ………… from $49.95 ………… https://www.amazon.com/Ceylon-1939-1945-Military-Culture-1757-1951/dp/1912390655
Ceylon became an imperial bastion following the fall of Singapore. Forces were rushed to its defense in the dark days of 1942, because if the Japanese had managed to take the island, the sea lanes of the Indian Ocean, vital to imperial and Allied communications, would have been threatened.
Furthermore, as traditional sources were lost to the Japanese, Ceylon became the Allies’ main source of rubber, an essential material of war. Ceylon at War explains why the British War Cabinet considered the island to be strategically vital as it became a surrogate Singapore following Japan’s dramatic conquest of Southeast Asia and Burma. It documents the measures taken to defend the island and the flight of thousands of civilians and service personnel to its harbors as they fled in the face of Japanese forces fanning out across Southeast Asia and the Dutch East Indies. The April 1942 Japanese raids on Colombo and Trincomalee, described by Churchill as ‘the most dangerous moment of the war’, are described, as are the concurrent naval maneuvers off Ceylon’s coast as the same Japanese fleet that had devastated Pearl Harbor sought to extinguish the Royal Navy in eastern waters. Ceylon’s role as a base for imperial and Allied forces and headquarters of Admiral Lord Mountbatten’s South East Asia Command is explained, along with the transformations brought to the island by the war.
Michael Roberts: “Koggala in the Western Imperial design in the 20th Century, 1931 Onwards,” 14 November 2019, https://thuppahis.com/2019/11/14/koggala-in-the-western-imperial-design-in-the-20th-century-1931-onward/
Jayantha Somasundaram: “The Japanese Air Raid on Ceylon, Easter 1942,” 12 April 2019, https://thuppahis.com/2019/04/21/the-japanese-air-raid-on-ceylon-easter-1942/
“Ceylon in World War Two,” ….https://www.wikiwand.com/en/Ceylon_in_World_War_II
Tony Donaldson: “Force 136 in British Ceylon during World War II…,, 26 August 2021, thuppahis.com/2021/08/26/force-136-in-british-ceylon-during-world-war-ii-and-the-film-bridge-on-the-river-kwai/