National Anthem in Sinhala and Tamil 4th February 1949


ALSO SEE Michael Roberts: “Ideological Cancers within the Sinhala Universe,” 13 May 2014,

AND COMPARE: “National Anthem only in Sinhala; Tamil version out,” 23 December 2010….


Funday Times 2010 “The Sri Lankan National Flag,”

Guruge, Ananda (ed)  1965 Return to Righteousness, Colombo: Ministry of Cultural Affairs, 1965: 501-44.

Roberts, Michael 1978 “Ethnic Conflict in Sri Lanka and Sinhalese Perspectives: Barriers to Accommodation,” Modern Asian Studies, 12, 353-376.

Roberts, Michael 1994.Exploring Confrontation, Reading: Harwood Academic Press.

Roberts, Michael 2001 Primordialist strands in contemporary Sinhala nationalism in Sri Lanka: Urumaya as Ur (Vol. 20). Colombo: Marga Institute.

Roberts, Michael 2004. Sinhala Consciousness in the Kandyan Period, 1590s-1818, Colombo: Yapa Publications.

Roberts, Michael 2009b “Some Pillars for Lanka’s Future,” Frontline, 19 June 2009, 26: 24-27 ….

Roberts, Michael 2009a “Sinhala Mindset,” 9 Dec. 2009,

Roberts, Michael 2010 “Challenges Today: Weevils in the Mind,” 22 May 2010,

Roberts, Michael 2011 “The Vocabulary of ‘nation’ in English in the Early Modern Period,” 10 July 2011,

Roberts, Michael 2011 “Mixed Messages and Bland Oversimplification in President Rajapaksa’s Independence Day Speech,” 11 February 2013,

Roberts, Michael 2012 “Mahinda Rajapaksa: Cakravarti Imagery and Populist Processes,” 28 January 2012

Samarajiva, Indi 2012 “the Flag Debate,”

Wickremasinghe, Nira 2009 “After the War: A New Patriotism n Sri Lanka?” Journal of Asian Studies, 2009, 6: 1045-54.

Young, Richard & GSB Senanayake 1998 The Carpenter-Prētayā. A Collection of Buddhist Texts about Christianity from Sri Lanka, Colombo: Karunaratne and Sons.


Filed under heritage, historical interpretation, landscape wondrous, language policies, self-reflexivity, Sinhala-Tamil Relations, sri lankan society, world events & processes

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